How would describe your region’s climate?

Climate is based on mean January temperature
Hot: >22 deg C
Warm: 20 – 21.9 deg C
Cool: <19.9 deg C
Reference: Dry and Smart, 1988

During a drought, how much irrigation water are you likely to have?

Cool climate Warm climate Hot climate
Ample irrigation
Limited irrigation
No irrigation

What is the desired level of vine vigour?

There is a link between rootstock vigour and vine (scion) vigour. However, in the vineyard factors such as scion type, soil type, pruning style and nutrition also impact upon the vine.

What is the salt content of your soil?
Non saline <2 dS/m
Slightly saline 2-4 dS/m
Moderately saline 4-8 dS/m
Very saline >8 dS/m

Soil salinity EC (electrical conductivity) measured using soil saturation paste. For conversion, click here see page 17.

How does the soil drain at your site?

What is the pH of your soil?
Strongly acidic <5.5
Weakly acidic 5.5 - 6.5
Neutral 6.5 - 7.5
Weakly alkaline 7.5 - 8.5
Strongly alkaline >8.5

Do you need rootknot nematode tolerant rootstocks?


Based on your choices there are:

preferred rootstocks


Available rootstocks


101-14

Climate Cool Warm Hot
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Shallow root system; improves fruit set.  Declining long term chloride exclusion60. Moderate yields in cool & warm climates, high yield in hot climates96.
Suited to Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir in Adelaide Hills because of devigorating effects96. Susceptible to effects of water logging during establishment96.

Yield decline observed under growing conditions where limited amounts of saline water were applied129 

Incompatible with: Alicante Bouschet36, Colombard3,10,36 , Trebbiano3,10, Chasselas Dore10, Emperor10, Fetyaska10, Muscat Gordo Blanco10, Muscat Hamburg10, Italico10, Souzao36, Tinta Barocca36, Ugni Blanc10,36 Waltham Cross10 , Zante Currant10

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)

4,19,23,26

4,19,23,26

Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 9,23,102 2 26 9,23,102,26
Drought Drought tolerance 3,18,23,24,36,43,48,49,50,52,56,73,96,98,103 3 9,26,99  0 15 2 19,40,47,68,73,102 3,18,23,24,36,43,48,49,50,52,56,73,96,98,103,9,26,99,15,19,40,47,68,73,102
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 15,33,57,61,62,63,74,95 2 30 3 33 4 76
15,33,57,61,62,63,74,95,30,33,76
Scion grape juice TA 1 33 2 30 3 33 4 33 33,30,33,33
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 1 33,98 33,98
Scion grape juice sodium 1 33  3 33 33,33
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen 3 33  1 33 33,33
Scion grape juice Potassium 3 33,88,96 4 58 1 33,63 33,88,96,58,33,63
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 30,58 30,58
Scion grape juice Phenolics 3 33 1 33 33,33
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins 3 33 1 33 4 82 33,33,82
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 4 18 3 88 18,88
Nitrogen Uptake 3 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride 3 60 60
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 3,4,33,36,56,57,96,98,99,103 3,4,33,36,56,57,96,98,99,103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 3 96 4 57,68,76,96,98 1 66 96,57,68,76,96,98,66
Root branching 4 3 3
Rooting depth 1 3 3
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) S 17,18,23,34,52,56,98 17,18,23,34,52,56,98
Vigour 3 57,98,99 2 68,103 4 76 57,98,99,68,103,76
Vigor conferred to scion 1 1,2 3 66,96,33,5,19,40,56 2-3 4,24 2 15,17,18,26,34,52,102 1,2,66,96,33,5,19,40,56,4,24,15,17,18,26,34,52,102
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 1 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis 4 23 23
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 5 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 1 96 96
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 4 96 96
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 2 30 4 33 1 96  30,33,96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 9,15,34,102 1 40 9,15,34,102,40
Nematode Resistance 3 36,57,103 2 52 36,57,103,52
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 2 33 3 33 4 33 33,33,33
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 2 33 4 33 3 33 33,33,33
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 3 9,15,30,33,34,102 1 40,96 9,15,30,33,34,102,40,96
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 3 3,4,15,19,26,34,99,102 4 9,18,24,30,33,40,96 2 98 3,4,15,19,26,34,99,102,9,18,24,30,33,40,96,98
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive 3 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 3 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,4,9,15,23,34,36,40,53,57,74,99,102 3 19,26 3,4,9,15,23,34,36,40,53,57,74,99,102,19,26
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,11,32,57,103 2 52 3,11,32,57,103,52
Ease of rooting 4 3,57,103 3 26,52 5 102 3,57,103,26,52,102
Affinity with V. vinifera 3 26 2 36,52 26,36,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 1 36 36
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 1 52 2 56 53,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 3,11,15,96 2 52 1 56 3,11,15,96,52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils 5 34,56,57,96 34,56,57,96
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 4 5,17 5,17
Tolerance to saline soils 4 3,4,17,19,26,33,34,40,57,74,76,98,99 0 15,99 5 23 3 60,96 2 68 3,4,17,19,26,33,34,40,57,74,76,98,99,15,99,23,60,96,68
Tolerance to soil acidity 1 3,13,18,19,34,56,96,98 3,13,18,19,34,56,96,98
Tolerance to water logging 4 3,5,26,36,57 3-4 4,68 3 9,18,24,52,56 1 12,23,96,98 2 19 3,5,26,36,57,4,68,9,18,24,52,56,12,23,96,98,19
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 1 1,15,56,68,74 2 73,96,33,4,18,19,34,40,57,88,98,99,102 11-12% 5 10-11% 17  11% 32 9% 36,52,68,73,96,98 1,15,56,68,74,73,96,33,4,18,19,34,40,57,88,98,99,102,5,17,32,36,52,68,73,96,98

3306C

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate

Notes

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be very limited so consult your nursery.

Incompatible with: Muscat Blanc, Sangiovese10

Seek more information on:

  • Desired vine vigour
  • Rootstock tolerance to soil pH
Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)    
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 1 26 26
Drought Drought tolerance 3 19,23,26 19,23,26
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH    
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium    
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed)    
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields    
Root branching 2 23 23
Rooting depth 4 23 23
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short)    
Vigour    
Vigor conferred to scion 1 1 3 15,37,102 2 19,26 1,15,37,102,19,26
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 5 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans)    
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 9 1 15,102 9,15,102
Nematode Resistance 3 36 36
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 4 9,30,97 1 15,102 9,30,97,15,102
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 1 9,15,102 2 19,30 3 26 9,15,102,19,30,26
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 9,15,36,37,53,102 3 19,26 5 23  9,15,36,37,53,102,19,26,23 
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting    
Ease of rooting 3 26  5 102  26,102 
Affinity with V. vinifera 3 26 26
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil    
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil    
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 4 15 15
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 1 19,23,15  15,19,23
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging 3 19 19
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 3 15,19,102 11% 32 15,19,102,32

3309C

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate

Notes

Recommended for varieties with poor set 56,57,98

Incompatible with: Barbera, Muscat Blanc and Sangiovese3,10

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)

4 3,19,23,26,57,96,98

3,19,23,26,57,96,98

Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 1 3,57,96,98 3,57,96,98
Drought Drought tolerance 1 3,5,17,18,23,26,36,52,73,90,96,98 3 9,24,47,56,73 2 19,68,102,103 3,5,17,18,23,26,36,52,73,90,96,98,9,24,47,56,73,19,68,102,103
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 57 4 64 57,64
Scion grape juice TA 82 82
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen 4 90 90
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 64 1 88 64,88
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 3,56,57,96,98 3,56,57,96,98
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 1 18,88 18,88
Nitrogen Uptake 2 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride 1 57 57
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) 3,5,11,17,56,57,96,98,103 3,5,11,17,56,57,96,98,103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 3 96 3-4 57 96,57
Root branching 4 3 2 23 3,23
Rooting depth 4 3 3
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) M 18,52,56 L 23 18,52,56,23 
Vigour 1 96 2 57,68,57,98 3 103 96,57,68,57,98,103 
Vigor conferred to scion 1 1 2 3,18,26,52,56 4 5,17 3 11,19,23,24,102 5 66 1,3,18,26,52,56,5,17,11,19,23,24,102,66
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 3 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 5 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 2 23 23
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 4 96 96
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 1 96 96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 4 9,23,56,102 2 96 9,23,56,102,96
Nematode Resistance 2 36 1 52,57 0 103 36,52,57,103
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 4 9,30,97,102  3 96 9,30,97,102,96
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 1 3,18,24,96,98 3 9 2 19,26,30,102 3,18,24,96,98,9,19,26,30,102
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,9,23,36,53,57,69,98,102 5 17,23 3 19  3,9,23,36,53,57,69,98,102,17,23,19
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,32,57,103 2 52 3,32,57,103,52
Ease of rooting 4 3,57,103 3 52 5 102 3,57,103,52,102
Affinity with V. vinifera 3 26 4 32 2 36,52 26,32,36,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 1 36,56 36,56
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 2 52,56  52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 3,5,17 2 52 1 56 3,5,17,52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 1 3,57,96 2 52 3 56 3,57,96,52,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 1 13 13
Tolerance to saline soils 1 3,18,19,23,57,96,98,102 2 68 0.4g/kg, 1.8ds/m96 3,18,19,23,57,96,98,102,68
Tolerance to soil acidity 1 18,23,56,98 2 19 3 96 4 74  
Tolerance to water logging 1 3,18,24,103 2 19,68 4 26,36 3 52,56,74 3,18,24,103,19,68,26,36,52,56,74
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 1 1,56,84,88,94,98 3 3,18,19,57,96,102 10%511-12%17, 11% 32,36,52,68,73,96,98 2 73 4 74 1,56,84,88,94,98,3,18,19,57,96,102,32,36,52,68,73,96,98,73,74

41B

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited None
Vine Vigour Low Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline [No Reference] Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Free draining
Soil pH Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low

Notes

Lives to old age and has only rarely given signs of being affected by Phylloxera 32.

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be very limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to soil pH

 

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)





Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3 26,47,52,73,103 1 73 4 73,94 26,47,52,73,03, 173,73,94
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH    
Scion grape juice TA 4 56 56
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium    
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 24 24
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 1 24 24
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 103 103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 4 66,93 66,93
Root branching 4 23 23
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) S 17,23,52 17,23,52
Vigour 2 103 103
Vigor conferred to scion 3 23 3-4 24 2 26,52 1 36 4 66 23,24,26,52,36,66
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 4 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 1 5,11 5,11
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans)    
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index)    
Nematode Resistance 1 36,52 nil 103 36,52,103
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.)    
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 1 24 24
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 1 3 3 5,17 4 23 5 103 3,5,17,23,103
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 17 2 52 1 103 17,52,103
Ease of rooting 4 17 1 52,103 17,52,103
Affinity with V. vinifera 4 26,32 2 36 3 52 26,32,36,52 
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 1 52 52
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 1 52 52
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 1 52 52
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 1 23,26,89,5,17 nil 4 71  5,17,23,26,89,71
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging 1 12,24,26,52,103 12,24,26,52,103
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 1,5,73,74,84 40% 5,17,32,36,52,73 5 11,17,32,103 37% 36 3 73,94  1,5,73,74,84,5,17,32,36,52,73,11,17,32,103,36,73,94

420A

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Weakly Acidic Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Behaves particularly well with Carignan 32

Poor affinity with Sangiovese3. Incompatible with Chardonnay, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir and Sauvignon Blanc3,10, Italian Riesling, Raboso Piave, Romeiko, Sangiovese, Trebbiano10, Zante Currant10,23 and Servan32

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)





Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 1 3,57,96,98 3,57,96,98
Drought Drought tolerance 1 3,5,23,26,36,57,96,98 3 24,47,73,103 2 52,56,68,102 4 73  3,5,23,26,36,57,96,98,24,47,73,103,52,56,68,102,73
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 4 62 1 57 62,57
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 1 68,96 68,96
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 3,56,57,58,98  3,56,57,58,98
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake 4 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 17,32,74,96,103  17,32,74,96,103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour) 1 56 56
Yields 1 68, 257,96 68, 257,96
Root branching 4 3,23 3,23 
Rooting depth 1 3,23 3,23
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) L 3,52,57,96,98 M 56 3,52,57,96,98,56
Vigour 1 32,68,98 2 57,96,103 32,68,98,57,96,103
Vigor conferred to scion 2 3,26,52,102 1 15,23,36 3 17,24,56 3,26,52,102,15,23,36,17,24,56
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 1 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 4 23  23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 2 11 1 3,10 11,3,10
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 4 96,98 96,98
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 1 96 96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 1 9,15,96,102 9,15,96,102
Nematode Resistance 2 52 3 57,98,103 52,57,98,103
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 1 9,15,96,102 2 30 3 97 9,15,96,102,30,97
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 3 3,15,24,96,102 4 9 5 17 2 30 3,15,24,96,102,9,17,30
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,5,15,17,36,53,57,98,102 1-4 9 3 26 3,5,15,17,36,53,57,98,102,9,26
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 1 3,32,57 2 52 4 98 3 103 3,32,57,52,98,103
Ease of rooting 1 3,26,32,57,98 4 17 2 52 3 102,103 3,26,32,57,98,17,52,102,103
Affinity with V. vinifera 4 26,32 3 36 2 52 1 57 26,32,36,52,57
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 2 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 5,11,15,17 2 52 1 56 5,11,15,17,52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 3 52,56 52,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 4 3 3
Tolerance to saline soils 1 15,23,26,68,96,98 15,23,26,68,96,98
Tolerance to soil acidity 2 56 56
Tolerance to water logging 1 3,24,57,96,98,102 3 12,26,103 0 15 2 52,56,68 3,24,57,96,98,102,12,26,103,15,52,56,68
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 3,57,73,96,98 20% 5,17,32,36,52,68,73,96,98 3 15,56,73,102 21% 32 3,57,73,96,98,5,17,32,36,52,68,73,96,98,15,56,73,102,32

Börner

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited [No Reference] None
Vine Vigour High
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline [No Reference] Moderately Saline [No Reference]
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging [No Reference] Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High [No Reference]

Notes

Tolerance to soil salinity is unknown for this rootstock. If your site has soil salinity issues, you should consider another rootstock with proven soil salinity tolerance.

Poor adaptation to extremely calcareous soils 96. Suffers from iron chlorosis under wet conditions 96.

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to saline soils
  • Tolerance to water logged soils
  • Rootstock tolerance to soil pH
  • Rootstock tolerance to rootknot nematode
Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)





Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 4 73,94 73,94
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH    
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium    
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed)    
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 4-3 96 96
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short)    
Vigour 4 96 96
Vigor conferred to scion    
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans)    
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 5 97 97
Nematode Resistance    
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.)    
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.)    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 44 5 96,97  44,96,97
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 4 51 51
Propagation Ease of bench grafting    
Ease of rooting 2 96 96
Affinity with V. vinifera 4 44 44
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil    
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil    
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils    
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging    
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 1 73,96 3 73 2 94 73,96,73,94

Dog Ridge

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour High
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Neutral Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High

Notes

Because of its high vigour, scions frequently show symptoms of zinc deficiency 37

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to soil pH
Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)





Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3 23,53 1 23,26  23,53,23,26
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 4 15,30,61,63,64,74,95 15,30,61,63,64,74,95
Scion grape juice TA 4 30 30
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium 4 61 61
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 58,61,63,64 58,61,63,64 
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 2 30 30
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 103 103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields    
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short)    
Vigour 4 37,103 37,103
Vigor conferred to scion 4 26,65,74 5 31,37,53,54,102,104 26,65,74,31,37,53,54,102,104
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 23,97 3 54 23,97,54
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 1 9,102 4 53 9,102,53
Nematode Resistance 4 36,37,74,103 5 80 36,37,74,103,80
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 4 9,53,54,102,104 3 30 9,53,54,102,104,30
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 9,23,26,30,53,97,102 9,23,26,30,53,97,102
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive 5 97 97
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 9,74 3 23,26,31,37,53,102,104 9,74,23,26,31,37,53,102,104
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls) 3 53 53
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 37 37
Ease of rooting 1 26,37,54,102,103,104 26,37,54,102,103,104
Affinity with V. vinifera    
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil    
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil    
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 3 23 4 26,74 23,26,74
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging 4 26 26
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 1 9,27 3 53,102,104 9,27,53,102,104

Fercal

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline [No Reference] Moderately Saline [No Reference]
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging [No Reference] Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Tolerance to soil salinity is unknown for this rootstock. If your site has soil salinity issues, you should consider another rootstock with proven soil salinity tolerance.

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be very limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to saline soils
  • Tolerance to water logged soils
  • Rootstock tolerance to soil pH
Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)





Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3 47,73 2 73 47,73,73
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 33 33
Scion grape juice TA 4 33 33
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 3 33 33
Scion grape juice sodium 3 33 33
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 1 33 33
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics 4 33 33
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 33,42 3 33 33,42,33
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields    
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short)    
Vigour 3 35 35
Vigor conferred to scion 3 34,42 34,42
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 33 33
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index)    
Nematode Resistance    
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 4 33 3 33  33,33
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 4 33 33
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.)    
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 33 3 33 2 34 33,33,34
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 53 53
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting    
Ease of rooting 5 42 42
Affinity with V. vinifera 5 42 42
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil    
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil    
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils    
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging    
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 34,35,57,74 5 42,73 3 73 34,35,57,74,42,73,73

Freedom

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited
Vine Vigour Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline
Soil Drainage Free draining
Soil pH Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High

Notes

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Incompatible with: Malta Seedless, Merbein Seedless, Sultana10

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to soil pH

 

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 4 4,19,23,26 4,19,23,26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3-4 68 68
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 4 15,57,61,62,63,64,74,95 15,57,61,62,63,64,74,95
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium 4 61 61
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 57,61,63 5 64 57,61,63,64
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 23 23
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 4 4
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 1 59,81 4 68 59,81,68
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short)    
Vigour 4 68 68
Vigor conferred to scion 2-4 4 3 15,23,102 3-4 19 4 53 4,15,23,102,19,53
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 23 23
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 4 9,15,23,102 2 53 9,15,23,102,53
Nematode Resistance    
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.)    
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 4,9,15,19,23,26,53,97,102 4,9,15,19,23,26,53,97,102
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 4,9,15,23,53,102 3 19,25 4,9,15,23,53,102,19,25
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting    
Ease of rooting 5 102 102
Affinity with V. vinifera    
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil    
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil    
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 2 4,19,68 4,19,68
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging 1 68 68
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 3 68 68

Gravesac

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited None
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline [No Reference] Moderately Saline [No Reference]
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low

Notes

Tolerance to soil salinity is unknown for this rootstock. If your site has soil salinity issues, you should consider another rootstock with proven soil salinity tolerance.

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be very limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to saline soils
Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium)





Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3 24,73 1 56 4 73 24,73,56,73
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH    
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium    
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake 2 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium 4 75 75
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 56,96 56,96
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields    
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) M 56 56
Vigour 3 35 2 56 3-4 96 35,56,96
Vigor conferred to scion 3 24,27 2 56 24,27,56
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 1 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans)    
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index)    
Nematode Resistance    
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.)    
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 1 24 24
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 27,96 27,96
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 27 27
Ease of rooting 4 27 27
Affinity with V. vinifera    
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 3 56 56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 3 56 56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 2 56 56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils    
Tolerance to soil acidity 4 1,27,35,56,96  1,27,35,56,96
Tolerance to water logging 3 24,27,56 24,27,56
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 27 3 56,73 27,56,73

Kober 5BB (aka Teleki 5A & Teleki 5BB)

Climate Cool
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited None
Vine Vigour Low Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Weakly Acidic Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

For cool areas 29

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 4 19,23,26,74 19,23,26,74
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 1 3,56,57 3,56,57
Drought Drought tolerance 1 3,5,23,26,29,36,49,50,103 0 15 3 18,40,43,47,48,53,56,73,96,98,103 2 19,94,98,102 4 56 3,5,23,26,29,36,49,50,103,15,18,40,43,47,48,53,56,73,96,98,103,19,94,98,102, 56
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 3 62 4 74 62,74
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 74 1 68,96  74,68,96
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 56 56
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake 4 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium 4 56 56
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) D 56 A 103 56,103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour) 1 56 56
Yields 3-4 57,96 57,96
Root branching 4 8 2 23 8,23
Rooting depth 1-2 3 2-3 8 3,8
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) S 3,57 M 18,34,56 3,57,18,34,56
Vigour 4 56 3 68,99,103 3-4 57,96,98 56,68,99,103,7,96,98
Vigor conferred to scion 4 1,11,36 3-4 3,18,19,40 2 15,29,34,102 3 23,53,56,104 1 36  1,11,36,3,18,19,40,15,29,34,102,23,53,56,104,36
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 2 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 4 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 4 23 3 56  23,56
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 33 1 96 33,96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 9,15,34,53,102 1 40,96 9,15,34,53,102,40,96
Nematode Resistance 4 29,36 3-4 57 3 98,103  29,36,57,98,103
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 3 33 4 33 33,33
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 2 33 4 33 33,33
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 1 40,96 40,96
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 3 3,8,9,15,18,19,26,34,53,99,102,104 4 5,11,33,40,96 1 23 3-4 97 3,8,9,15,18,19,26,34,53,99,102,104,5,11,33,40,96,23,97
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 5 3,15,29,34,57,102 4 9,23,36,40,53,74,99,104 3 19 3,15,29,34,57,102,9,23,36,40,53,74,99,104,19
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls) 2 53 53
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 3 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 3 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 3 51  51 
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 3 51  51
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,57 3 103 3,57,103
Ease of rooting 4 3,57,103 5 29,102,104  3,57,103,29,102,104
Affinity with V. vinifera 3 36 36
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 4 3 3
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 4 3 1 56 3,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 1 56  56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 2 56 56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils 4 29,34 29,34
Tolerance to clay soils 4 5,15  5,15
Tolerance to saline soils 1 3,15,57,98 1 18,34,40,71 3 19,99 4 23 2 68,96 2.5 ds/m96  3,15,57,98,18,34,40,71,19,99,23,268,96
Tolerance to soil acidity 1 18,23,34 2 19,56  18,23,34,19,56
Tolerance to water logging 1 3,12,18,57,98 2 19,56 3 103 3,12,18,57,98,19,56,103
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 1,3,18,57,96,98 3-4 29,104 20% 5,36,68,73,96,98 3 15,19,34,40,53,56,73,94,99,102 21% 32 1,3,18,57,96,98,29,104,5,36,68,73,96,98,15,19,34,40,53,56,73,94,99,102,32

Merbein 5489

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited [No Reference]
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline [No Reference] Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging [No Reference] Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Strongly Acidic [No Reference] Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline [No Reference]
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High [No Reference]

Notes

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to saline soils

Merbein 5512

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited [No Reference]
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline [No Reference] Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging [No Reference] Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Strongly Acidic [No Reference] Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline [No Reference]
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High [No Reference]

Notes

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to saline soils

Paulsen 775

Climate Cool [No Reference] Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited None
Vine Vigour Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging [No Reference] Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High

Notes

Supply of this rootstock in Australia can be limited so consult your nursery.

Seek more information on:

  • Rootstock tolerance to saline soils
Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 5 26 26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3 26 5 73 26,73
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH    
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium    
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency    
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed)    
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H)    
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 4 76 76
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short)    
Vigour 3-4 57 57
Vigor conferred to scion 3 36 36 
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans)    
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index)    
Nematode Resistance    
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.)    
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 26 26
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance    
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting    
Ease of rooting    
Affinity with V. vinifera    
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil    
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil    
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 26 26
Tolerance to soil acidity    
Tolerance to water logging    
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 73  73

Paulsen 1103

Climate Cool Warm Hot
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited None
Vine Vigour Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Declining long term chloride exclusion 60. Not recommended for poor set varieties 96

Long term exposure to moderately saline soil (4-8 dS/m) may result in high levels of Cl and Na in grape juice 60,129.

Incompatible with Cabernet Franc3,10

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 2 19,26 19,26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 1 9,23,26,102 9,23,26,102
Resistance to Pythium sp.    
Resistance to Rhizoctonia sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 5 1,5,17,73,96,99,102 4 3,6,9,11,15,18,23,24,34,40,47,48,49,50,56,68,73,74,96,98,102,103 3 19,23,43,52 2 26 1,5,17,73,96,99,102,3,6,9,11,15,18,23,24,34,40,47,48,49,50,56,68,73,74,96,98,102,103,19,23,43,52,26
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 64,74 4 68,74,76 64,74,68,76
Scion grape juice TA 4 82 82
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 1 98 98
Scion grape juice sodium 98 98
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 1 64,68,74,96 4 58,68,74,86 64,68,74,96,58,68,86
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 24 24
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins 4 68,82 68,82
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 1 18,24,68 18,24,68
Nitrogen Uptake 2 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium 4 75 75
Tolerant of excess chloride 4 1 3 60 1,60
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) D 3,57,96,103 3,57,96,103
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W,H  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 4 59,68,70 1 57,66 3-4 96 59,68,70,57,66,96
Root branching 3 3
Rooting depth 3 3
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) L 3,18,34,52,57,96 VL 56 3,18,34,52,57,96,56
Vigour 3-4 96,98 3 99 4 103 96,98,99,103
Vigor conferred to scion 4 1,5,11,17,23,36,56,66,68 3-4 3,18,24 15,19,26,34,40,52,102 1,5,11,17,23,36,56,66,68,3,18,24,15,19,26,34,40,52,102
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 2 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 2 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 1 96 96
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 3 33,96 4 33 33,96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 9,15,34,102 1 40,96 9,15,34,102,40,96
Nematode Resistance 2 52 3 57 52,57
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 4 33 33
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 33 33
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 3 40,96 40,96
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 3,24,33,98 3 9,18,19,26,33,99 3-4 15,34,40,96,102 1 101 3,24,33,98,9,18,19,26,33,99,15,34,40,96,102,101
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive 2 45 1 101 45,101
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 45 1 101 45,101
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita) 101 101
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,9,15,17,34,36,40,53,5,99,102 5 5,23 3 19,26 3,9,15,17,34,36,40,53,5,99,102,5,23,19,26
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 3 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 51 51
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,17,57,103 3 52 3,17,57,103,52
Ease of rooting 4 3,17,26,57,103 3 52,102 3,17,26,57,103,52,102
Affinity with V. vinifera 5 26 4 36,52 3 26 26,36,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 3 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 52,56 52,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 4 5,17 5,17
Tolerance to saline soils 1 89 3 3,11,15,19,23,26,34,57,60,68,71,102 4 5,17,40,18,34,36,40,68,98,99 5 96 0.6g/kg 52 5.6ds/m 96 89,3,11,15,19,23,26,34,57,60,68,71,102,5,17,40,18,34,36,40,68,98,99,96,52
Tolerance to soil acidity 4 3,34,57,96,98 3 18 2 19,56 3,34,57,96,98,18,19,56
Tolerance to water logging 1 9,12 3 18,19,52,56,96,98,103 4 24,26,68 9,12,18,19,52,56,96,98,103,24,26,68
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4-5 3 4 5,11,17,18,73,94,9899 17% 5,17,36,52,68,73 3 15,19,34,40,73,102 17-18% 96,98 20% 36 2 56 3-4 96 3,5,11,17,18,73,94,9899,5,17,36,52,68,73,15,19,34,40,73,102,96,98,56

Ramsey

Climate Cool Warm Hot
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited None
Vine Vigour Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral Weakly Alkaline [No Reference] Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate [No Reference] High

Notes

Reduced bud fruitfulness 3. Susceptible to zinc deficiency 15,29,34,99. Declining long term chloride exclusion 60. Increased potassium levels are common in black varieties 96 Not suited to soils prone to spring waterlogging 57,96,98

Long term exposure to moderately saline soil (4-8 dS/m) may result in high levels of Cl and Na in grape juice 60,129.

Ramsey can confer very high vigour128 which can be undesirable in some situations

Incompatible with: Muscat3,4,9,15, 23, Harslevelu, Muscadelle, Souzao3,10, Barlinka10,23,34,102, Early Muscat, Malta Seedless10,23, Menindee Seedless, Muscadet, Muscat Blanc, Muscat Gordo Blanco29,31,34,102  and Muscat Hamburg10

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 1 4,19,26 4,19,26 
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp. 1 22 22
Resistance to Fusarium sp. 22 22
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 4 9,22,26,102 9,22,26,102
Resistance to Pythium sp. 22 22
Resistance to Rhizoctonia sp. 22 22
Drought Drought tolerance 4 6,15,18,23,43,48,53,68,96,98 3 19,50,73,99 2 26 3-4 40 5 57,96 6,15,18,23,43,48,53,68,96,98,19,50,73,99,26,40,57
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 57 3 15,62 4 33,68,74 3-4 57 57,15,62,33,68,74
Scion grape juice TA 1 33 4 74,77 33,74,77
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 3 33 1 57,98 33,57,98
Scion grape juice sodium 4 33 1 79,98 33,79,98
Scion grape juice Phosphorus 5 72 4 78 72,78
Scion grape juice Nitrogen 4 33,78 5 72 33,78,72
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 33,57,58,74,77,78,79,96,98 33,57,58,74,77,78,79,96,98
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 5 3 4 23 3,23
Scion grape juice Phenolics 3 33 33 
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins 3 33,98 4 57,68 33,98,57,68
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 78 78
Nitrogen Uptake    
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride 54 60 54,60
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) D 3,4,33,57,96,98 3,4,33,57,96,98
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W,H  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour) 85 85
Yields 4 57,76,77,85,96,98 3-4 57 57,76,77,85,96,98
Root branching    
Rooting depth    
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) L 18,96 VL 34 18,96,34
Vigour 5 57,68,96,98 3-4 57 4 99,102 57,68,96,98,99,102
Vigor conferred to scion 5 3,15 4 4,23,26,29,34,40,45,53,54,65,74,104 3-4 18,19 3 65 3,15,4,23,26,29,34,40,45,53,54,65,74,104,18,19
Primary Bud Necrosis 85 85
Fruitfulness 85 85
Tendency to overcrop    
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis 23 23
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 57 57
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 3 33,54 4 23,33,96,97 5 23 33,54,23,33,96,97
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 1 9,15,23,34,40,96,102,104 2 53 9,15,23,34,40,96,102,104,53
Nematode Resistance 4 29,74,99 3 57 5 57,98 29,74,99,57,98
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 4 33 3 33 33
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 33 33
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 4 9,15,34,40,53,54,96,102,104 5 33 9,15,34,40,53,54,96,102,104,33
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 5 3,9 4 4,8,15,18,19,23,26,33,34,40,53,74,96,97,99,102 3,9,4,8,15,18,19,23,26,33,34,40,53,74,96,97,99,102
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 45 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,9,15,23,31,34,40,53,57,102 3-4 29 3 4,19,25,26,104 3,9,15,23,31,34,40,53,57,102,29,4,19,25,26,104
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls) 53 53
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 51 51
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 57 57
Ease of rooting 1 26,29,54,57,102,104 26,29,54,57,102,104
Affinity with V. vinifera 26 26
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 4 3,15 3,15
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 15 15
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil    
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility 5 29,34 29,34
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 15 15
Tolerance to saline soils 5 3,4,23,57 4 9,18,19,23,26,34,40,54,57,68,74,76,96,98,99 3 60 3.3ds/m 96 3,4,23,57,9,18,19,23,26,34,40,54,57,68,74,76,96,98,99,60
Tolerance to soil acidity 3 18,19,34 4 23,57 18,19,34,23,57
Tolerance to water logging 3 3,4,12,26,57 4 9 18,23,55,96,98 2 19,57,68 3,4,12,26,57,9,18,23,55,96,98,19,68
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 3 4,15,18,19,29,34,40,53,68,96,99,102,104 1 27 4,15,18,19,29,34,40,53,68,96,99,102,104,27

Richter 110

Climate Cool Warm Hot
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited None
Vine Vigour Low Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral [No Reference] Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Not appropriate for varieties with irregular set 57. Warm areas with arid climates 3. Not suited to scion varieties with irregular set 96

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium 1 19,23,26 19,23,26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 3 9,102 2 26 9,102,26
Drought Drought tolerance 4 3,5,6,9,11,15,18,19,23,24,26,38,48,52,57,68,73,74,94,96,98,103 5 17,32,47,49,50,53,73,96,102 3 56 3,5,6,9,11,15,18,19,23,24,26,38,48,52,57,68,73,74,94,96,98,103,17,32,47,49,50,53,73,96,102,56 
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 15,57,62,64,95 15,57,62,64,95
Scion grape juice TA 1 39 4 66 39,66
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 1 57 57
Scion grape juice sodium 1 57 57
Scion grape juice Phosphorus 4 74 74
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 1 57,64,68,96 4 74 57,64,68,96,74
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 1 24 4 56 24,56
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 4 18,24,56 18,24,56
Nitrogen Uptake 2 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium 1 75 75
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) D 3,17,36,56,57,96,98,103 A 32,56 3,17,36,56,57,96,98,103,32,56
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W,H  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 2 57 3 59,96 4 66,70 57,59,96,66,70
Root branching 4 8,23 8,23
Rooting depth 3 3 2-3 8 1 23 3,8,23
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) L 3,18,56,57,96,98 VL 52 S 56 3,18,56,57,96,98,52
Vigour 5 32,56 3-4 57,98 3 96 2 57 4 103 32,56,57,98,96,103
Vigor conferred to scion 3-4 3,24,68 4 5,17,23,66 1 15,23 3 18,26,52,96,102 2 19,53,56,104 3,24,68,5,17,23,66,15,23,18,26,52,96,102,19,53,56,104
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 1 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis 4 23 23
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 11 11
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 96 96
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 33 3 96 33,96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 1 9,15,23,96,102 2 53 9,15,23,96,102,53
Nematode Resistance 4 31 3 36,57,98,103 2 52 31,36,57,98,103,52
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 33  
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 33  
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 1 9,15,96,102 2 30,53 3 97 9,15,96,102,30,53,97
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 3 3,8,9,15,17,18,30,53,96,102,104 2 19,26 1 24,101 4 33 3,8,9,15,17,18,30,53,96,102,104,19,26,24,101,33
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive 1 101 3 45 101,45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 1 101 3 45 101,45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita) 1 101 101
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,5,19,26,36,53,57,102,104 5 9,15,23 3 25,69 3,5,19,26,36,53,57,102,104,9,15,23,25,69
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls) 4 53 53
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 3 51  
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 51  
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51  
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 51  
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51  
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 51  
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,17 3 32,52,103 1 57 3,17,32,52,103,57
Ease of rooting 4 3,17 3 26,32,52,102,104 1 57,103 3,17,26,32,52,102,104,57,103
Affinity with V. vinifera 5 26,32 4 52 26,32,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 11 11
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 2 52 3 56 52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 15 3 52,56 15,52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 4 3,52,56 3,52,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 15 15
Tolerance to saline soils 3 18,19,23,26,68 2 96 2.5ds/m 96 18,19,23,26,68,96
Tolerance to soil acidity 4 1,9,13,23,57,96,98 3 18,19,56 1,9,13,23,57,96,98,18,19,56
Tolerance to water logging 4 3,26,96 3 9,12,18,19,52,56,98 1 24 3,26,96,9,12,18,19,52,56,98,24
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 5 3 16% 5 3 9,15,19,53,73,102,104 4 11,18,73,94,98 17% 17,32,36,52,68,73,96,98 2 56 3-4 96 3,5,9,15,19,53,73,102,104,11,18,73,94,98,17,32,36,52,68,73,96,98,56,96

Richter 99

Climate Cool Warm
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited None
Vine Vigour Low Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline
Soil Drainage Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Can be grown under cool conditions 3. Not suited to soils prone to spring waterlogging 96,98

Incompatible with: Cabernet Sauvignon10

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 1 19,23,26 19,23,26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp. 4 22 22
Resistance to Fusarium sp. 22 22
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 1 9,12,23,26,57,102 4 22 22
Resistance to Pythium sp. 22 22
Resistance to Rhizoctonia sp. 22 22
Drought Drought tolerance 4 3,9,11,15,23,32,37,47,53,57,73,94,102 1 5,17 3 6,18,19,23,26,29,96,103 2 52,56,98 3,9,11,15,23,32,37,47,53,57,73,94,102,5,17,6,18,19,23,26,29,96,103,52,56,98
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 4 76 76
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 3 96 96
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 4 18,56 18,56
Nitrogen Uptake 3 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) D 3,17,56,57,96,98,103 A 32 3,17,56,57,96,98,103,32
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 4 70 3-4 57,96 70,57,96
Root branching 4 3,23 3,23
Rooting depth 4 3 3
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) S 3,57 M 18,52 VL 56 3,57,18,52,56
Vigour 1 37 4 56,57,103 3-4 57,96,98 37,56,57,103,57,96,98
Vigor conferred to scion    
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness 2 56 56
Tendency to overcrop 23 23
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis 23 23
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 1 96 96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 9,15,53,102 1 96 9,15,53,102,96
Nematode Resistance 3 29,5236,57,103 1 37 29,52,36,57,103,37
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 3 9,15,30,53,9,1027 1 96 9,15,30,53,9,1027,96 
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 3,102 3 9,15,18,19,26,30,53,104 1 17 3-4 96,97 3,102,9,15,18,19,26,30,53,104,17,96,97
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,5,9,15,17,19,23,26,29,36,37,53,57,102,104 5 23 3,5,9,15,17,19,23,26,29,36,37,53,57,102,104
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,37,52,57 3 29 1 32,103 3,37,52,57,29,32,103
Ease of rooting 4 3,26,32,37,52 3 57,102,103,104 3,26,32,37,52,57,102,103,104
Affinity with V. vinifera 5 26 4 52 26,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 2 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 11,52 3 56 11,52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 52,56 52,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 1 3,5,17,57 2 96 3 18,19,23,26 2.5 ds/m 96 3,17,57,5,96,18,19,23,26,
Tolerance to soil acidity 4 3,9,13,23,56,57,70,96,98 3 18,19 1 23,36 3,9,13,23,56,57,70,96,98,18,19,23,36
Tolerance to water logging 1 3,9,12,18,19,23,26,29,52,56,57,96,98,102,103 3,9,12,18,19,23,26,29,52,56,57,96,98,102,103
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 3,18,37,57,98 17% 5,17,32,36,52,73,96 3 15,19,53,73,94,102 3-4 29,96,104 2 56 3,18,37,57,98,5,17,32,36,52,73,96,15,19,53,73,94,102,29,104,56

Ruggeri 140

Climate Cool Warm Hot
Irrigation Water Availability Ample [No Reference] Limited None
Vine Vigour Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline [No Reference] Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Moderately susceptible to spring waterlogging, particularly in its formative years 96,98

Incompatible with: Sangiovese10

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 1 4,19,26 4,19,26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 3 9,102 2 26 9,102,26 
Drought Drought tolerance 5 1,3,5,17,34,40,47,49,50,53,56,73,96,98,102 4 6,9,11,15,18,19,23,24,26,38,48,52,56,73,74,94,96,99,103 3 43 1,3,5,17,34,40,47,49,50,53,56,73,96,98,102,6,9,11,15,18,19,23,24,26,38,48,52,56,73,74,94,96,99,103, 43
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 15,61,62,63,64,74,95 4 33,74 15,61,62,63,64,74,95,33,74
Scion grape juice TA 3 33 4 82 33,82
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 4 33,98 33,98
Scion grape juice sodium 3 33,98 33,98
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen 3 33 4 90 33,90
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 33,74 1 63,64 3 96  
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 24,56 24,56
Scion grape juice Phenolics 4 33 33
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins 33 33
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 1 18,24 18,24
Nitrogen Uptake 3 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride 3 60 4 67 60,67
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) D 23,35,36,40,96,103 3 33 23,35,36,40,96,103,33
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W,H  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour)    
Yields 4 59,76,98 3-4 96 59,76,98,96 
Root branching 4 3 3
Rooting depth 3 3
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) L 17,18,35,96 VL 34,52 M 56 17,18,35,96,34,52,56
Vigour 3-4 96 5 98 3 99 4 103 96,98,99,103
Vigor conferred to scion 4 1,3,4,15,23,26,34,35,36,52,66,102 5 5,17 3-4 18,19,24 3 23,40,45,53,56,104 1,3,4,15,23,26,34,35,36,52,66,102,5,17,18,19,24,23,40,45,53,56,104
Primary Bud Necrosis 4 85 85
Fruitfulness 4 85 85
Tendency to overcrop 2 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis    
Tendency to Coulure (poor set)    
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility)    
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 1 96 96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 1 9,15,34,40,102 2 53 9,15,34,40,102,53
Nematode Resistance 4 36 3 52,98 36,52,98
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 1 40,96 40,96
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 3 3,4,9,15,18,19,34,53,99,102,104 4 24,40,96 1 26 3,4,9,15,18,19,34,53,99,102,104,24,40,96,26
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 1 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,4,5,9,15,17,34,36,40,53,99,102,104 3 19,26 5 23 3,4,5,9,15,17,34,36,40,53,99,102,104,19,26,23
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 3 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 51 51
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,17 3 52,103 3,17,52,103
Ease of rooting 1 3 4 17 3 26,52,102,103,104 3,17,26,52,102,103,104
Affinity with V. vinifera 4 26,36,52 26,36,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 4 1 1
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 4 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 3 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 3 3 52,56 3,52,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 5 41,98 4 2,3,4,18,19,23,26,34,60,76,96,99 3 23,71 3.3ds/m 96 41,98,2,3,4,18,19,23,26,34,60,76,96,99,23,71
Tolerance to soil acidity 4 1,3,9,13,18,19,23,34,40,96 3 98 1 56 1,3,9,13,18,19,23,34,40,96,98,56
Tolerance to water logging 3 3,9,12,26,96,98 2 4,19,52,56 1 18,24,103 3,9,12,26,96,98,4,19,52,56,18,24,103
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 1,3,15,18,19,34,40,53,68,73,74,83,94,96,98,99,102,104 5 4,17,73 30-32% 5,17, 20% 36,52,96,98, 40% 36 2 56 25% 73 1,3,15,18,19,34,40,53,68,73,74,83,94,96,98,99,102,104,4,17,73,5,17,36,52,36,56,73

Schwarzmann

Climate Cool Warm [No Reference] Hot [No Reference]
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline Moderately Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining [No Reference]
Soil pH Weakly Acidic Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate

Notes

Improves fruit set 56,57. Declining long term chloride exclusion 60. High yielding in hot climate of the Riverland 98.

Incompatible with: Cardinal10,15,23,102 and Malta Seedless10,23

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 4 3,4,19 3,4,19
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp. 4 22 22
Resistance to Fusarium sp. 22 22
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 22 22
Resistance to Pythium sp. 22 22
Resistance to Rhizoctonia sp. 22 22
Drought Drought tolerance 1 3,15,18,19,23,29,36,40,43,48,56,57,73,94,96,98,99 3 9 2 40,53 3,15,18,19,23,29,36,40,43,48,56,57,73,94,96,98,99,9,53
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 4 57,62,64,77 57,62,64,77
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 57,58,64,96 3 96 57,58,64,96,96
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption)    
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 4 18 18
Nitrogen Uptake 2 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride 5 30 30
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 40,56,57,96 40,56,57,96
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour) 1 85 85
Yields 4 57 2 96,98 57,96,98
Root branching 4 8 8
Rooting depth 8 8
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) 18,56 18,56
Vigour 3 57,98,99 2 96 57,98,99,96
Vigor conferred to scion 1 1,56,65 3 3,15,19,23,29,40,53,102,104 1-4 4 2 18,96 1,56,65,3,15,19,23,29,40,53,102,104,4,18,96
Primary Bud Necrosis 1 85 85
Fruitfulness 85 85
Tendency to overcrop 4 56 3 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 2 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 3,56 3,56
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 4 96,98 96,98
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 23,96 3 54 23,96,54
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 4 9,15,23,40,53,102 1 56 3 96 9,15,23,40,53,102,56,96
Nematode Resistance 3 29 4 31,57,98 29,31,57,98 
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 1 40,96 4 54 40,96,54
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 3,4,9,15,18,19,23,40,53,96,99,102,104 3 8 3-4 97 3,4,9,15,18,19,23,40,53,96,99,102,104,8,97
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 3 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 4 3,4,9,15,23,31,36,40,53,57,99,102,104 3 19,25 5 29 3,4,9,15,23,31,36,40,53,57,99,102,104,19,25,29
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls) 2 53 53
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta 4 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro) 3 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro) 51 51
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta 51 51
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,57 3,57
Ease of rooting 4 3 5 29,102,104 3,29,102,104
Affinity with V. vinifera    
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 1 36 36
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 56 56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 3,15 2 56 3,15,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 56 56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils 1 31 31
Suited to moist deep soils 5 29,96 29,96
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 4 15 15
Tolerance to saline soils 4 4,9,23 3 18,19,40,60,96,98 1 98 3.3ds/m 96 4,9,23,18,19,40,60,96,98
Tolerance to soil acidity 1 18,23,56,96,98 2 19 18,23,56,96,98,19
Tolerance to water logging 3 12,18,19 4 36,96 12,18,19,36,96
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 3,57 1 9,27,29,98,104 3 15,18,40,53,96,99,102 2 19,73,94 11% 32 3,57,9,27,29,98,104,15,18,40,53,96,99,102,19,73,94,32

SO4

Climate Cool
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate High
Soil Salinity Non Saline
Soil Drainage Prone to water logging Free draining
Soil pH Strongly Acidic Weakly Acidic [No Reference] Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low Moderate High

Notes

Good in cool regions 15. May advance maturity and improve fruit set if vigour is controlled 96 Low magnesium uptake may contribute to bunch stem necrosis in Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon 57,96,98. Suited to varieties with poor set 57

Incompatible with: Carignan, Malvasia Bianca, Muscat Blanc, Shiraz10 and Servan32

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 2 19,26 19,26
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp. 26 26
Drought Drought tolerance 1 5,9,15,17,18,26,29,36,48,50,52,96,98,103 2 19,56 23,24,53,73,94 4 47,49,73,102 5,9,15,17,18,26,29,36,48,50,52,96,98,103,19,56,23,24,53,73,94, 47,49,102
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 1 15,57,61,62,74,95 4 74 15,57,61,62,74,95
Scion grape juice TA    
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion)    
Scion grape juice sodium    
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen    
Scion grape juice Potassium 4 74,88,92 1 96 74,88,92,96
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 1 24
24
Scion grape juice Phenolics    
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins    
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 4 18,24,56,57,88,96,98 18,24,56,57,88,96,98
Nitrogen Uptake 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) A 17,32,57,96,103 D 23,57 17,32,57,96,103,23
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C  
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour) 1 56 56
Yields 4-3 96 4 57,98  96,57,98
Root branching    
Rooting depth 23 23 
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) M 18,52,56 18,52,56
Vigour 4 37 3-4 56,57,96 3 98,103  37,56,57,96,98,103
Vigor conferred to scion 3-4 3,24 4 5,17,36 3 15,18,23,29,53,56,102,104 2 19,26,52 1 36,65 3,24,5,17,36,15,18,23,29,53,56,102,104,19,26,52,36,65
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 4 23,96,98 23,96,98
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 23 23
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 96 96
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 96 96
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 9,15,53,102 1 96 9,15,53,102,96
Nematode Resistance 4 29,36,52,57,74,98,103 29,36,52,57,74,98,103
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax)    
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema)    
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 96 96
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 5,11,17,24,26 3 9,15,18,19,53,102,104 3-4 96 1 101 5,11,17,24,26,9,15,18,19,53,102,104,96,101
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 1 101 101
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita) 101 101
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 3 9,19,26 5 3,515,29,102 4 17,23,36,37,57,74,104 9,19,26,53,15,29,102,17,23,36,37,57,74,104
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls) 1 44 2 53 44,53
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 17,96 5 32 2 52 3 103 17,96,32,52,103
Ease of rooting 4 17,57,103 3 26 5 29,102,104 1 32 2 52 17,57,103,26,29,102,104,32,52
Affinity with V. vinifera 4 26 5 32 3 36,52 26,32,36,52
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils 1 52,56  52,56
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 2 52 1 56  52,56
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 52,56 52,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 4 56,96 56,96
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils 4 5,11,17 5,11,17
Tolerance to saline soils 1 18,19,26,89,96 18,19,26,89,96
Tolerance to soil acidity 1 13,18,19 3 56,57,96,98 4 74 0.4g/kg 52  13,18,19,56,57,96,98,74,52
Tolerance to water logging 4 11,26,96 1 12 3 18,19,24,52,56,103 11,26,96,12,18,19,24,52,56,103
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 17-18% 5,17,96,98 3 15,19,29,53,73,102 4 18,57,68,73,74,88,94,98 20% 32 17% 36,52,73 2 56 3-4 96,104 5,17,96,98,15,19,29,53,73,102,18,57,68,73,74,88,94,98,32, 36,52,73,56,96,104

Teleki 5C

Climate Cool Warm
Irrigation Water Availability Ample Limited
Vine Vigour Low Moderate
Soil Salinity Non Saline Slightly Saline
Soil Drainage Free draining
Soil pH Weakly Acidic Neutral Weakly Alkaline Strongly Alkaline
Nematode Resistance - Rootknot Low [No Reference] Moderate High

Notes

Good for varieties with poor set 3,56,57,98.

Incompatible with: Servan32

Category Characteristics Rating
(1 = low, 2 = low to moderate, 3 = moderate, 4 = high, 5 = very high)
References
Diseases Resistance to crown gall (Agrobacterium) 1 74 74
Resistance to Cylindrocarpon sp.    
Resistance to Fusarium sp.    
Resistance to Phytophthora sp.    
Drought Drought tolerance 3,57,96 18,20,21,36,94 2 19,56,68,73 3,57,96,18,20,21,36,94,19,56,68,73
Grape Juice parameters Scion grape juice pH 2 30 3 33 1 74,77 30,33,74,77
Scion grape juice TA 2 30 3 33,77 4 33  30,33,77
Scion grape juice chloride (rootstock effectiveness for Cl exclusion) 3 33 33
Scion grape juice sodium 3 33 1 33 33
Scion grape juice Phosphorus    
Scion grape juice Nitrogen 33 33
Scion grape juice Potassium 33 33 1 68,74,96 33,68,74,96
Tendency to K-deficiency (potassium absorption) 4 30 30
Scion grape juice Phenolics 33 33 33
Scion grape juice Anthocyanins 4 33,82 33,82
Tendency to Mg-deficiency 4 96 96
Nitrogen Uptake 2 56 56
Tolerance to Aluminium    
Tolerant of excess chloride    
Growing Effects on maturity (A = advanced, D = delayed) 3,32,33,57,96
3,32,33,57,96
Climate (Cool - C, Warm - W, Hot - H) C,W   
Yield-Pruning Ratio (a measure of plant vigour) 1 56 56
Yields 1 59 3-4 57,96 59,57,96
Root branching 4 20 20 
Rooting depth 4 20 20
Vegetative cycle (VL = very long, L = long, M = medium, S = short) M 18,34 L 56 18,34,56
Vigour 3-4 56 2 68,77 3 57,96,98 56,68,77,57,96,98
Vigor conferred to scion 3,18,19,34,56, 1 36,45 3,18,19,34,56,36,45
Primary Bud Necrosis    
Fruitfulness    
Tendency to overcrop 2 56 56
Tendency to bunch compactness and thus Botrytis    
Tendency to bunch stem necrosis 4 23 23
Tendency to Coulure (poor set) 1 23,56 23,56
Improves fruit set (&/or fertility) 4 96 96
Nematodes Citrus nematode resistantce (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) 4 3396 33,96 
Dagger nematode resistance (Xiphinema index) 3 34 1 56,96 34,56,96
Nematode Resistance 4 57,98 57,98
Resistance to Pin Nematode (Criconemella Xenoplax) 2 33 3 33 4 33 33
Resistance to Nematode (Scutellonema) 33 3 33 4 33 33
Root lesion nematode resistance (Pratylenchus spp.) 3 30,96,97 30,96,97
Rootknot nematode resistance (Meloidogyne spp.) 4 3,33 3 18,19,30,34,96 3,33,18,19,30,34,96
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. arenaria) - aggressive    
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. javanica) - 'standard' population 3 45 45
Rootknot Nematode resistance. (M. incognita)    
Phylloxera Phylloxera resistance 5 3,34 3 19,23,25 1 26 4 36,57,69 3,34,19,23,25,26,36,57,69
Phylloxera resistance on leaves (ie tolerance to phylloxera leaf galls)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 1, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 4, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 7, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 19, in planta    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 20, in planta. (*In Vitro)    
Phylloxera resistance to genotype 30, in planta    
Propagation Ease of bench grafting 4 3,57 5 32 3,57,32
Ease of rooting 4 3,57 1 32 3,57,32
Affinity with V. vinifera 4 32 32
Soils Adaptation to compact (dry) soils    
Adaptation to deep dry sandy soil 1 56 56 
Adaptation to deep silt or dense loam soil 4 3,20 3 56 3,20,56
Adaptation to dry shallow clay soil 1 20,21 3 56 20,21,56
Suited to light textured soils of low fertility    
Suited to very light soils    
Suited to moist deep soils    
Suited to moist compact soils    
Tolerance to clay soils    
Tolerance to saline soils 1 18,34 3 19,68 2 96 2.5 ds/m 96  18,34,19,68,96 
Tolerance to soil acidity 1 18,23,34,56,96,98,219 18,23,34,56,96,98,219
Tolerance to water logging 1 3,18 3,18
Lime tolerance (% = active lime). Lime-induced chlorosis = iron chlorosis. 4 3,18 3 19,34,96 20% 32,68 2 56 2-3 73 3,18,19,34,96,32,68,56,73

Wine Australia thanks Yalumba Nursery for collaborating with us to develop the Grapevine Rootstock Selector.

Wine Australia
Industry House, Cnr Botanic and Hackney Roads, Adelaide | PO Box 2733, Kent Town South Australia 5071